An Lievrouw

CRIG member
An Lievrouw

Team coordinator Cancer Centre Ghent University hospital
Clinical psychologist  and psychotherapist Cancer Centre Ghent University hospital
Teaching assistant skillslab Faculty of Medicine Ghent University
Principal investigator: Prof. Dominique Benoit (MD, PhD)


Research focus

Coaching doctors to improve ethical decision-making in hospitalized patients potentially receiving excessive treatment: a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 departments of the Ghent University Hospital (CODE study)
With this stepped wedge cluster-randomized study in 10 departments within the Ghent University Hospital, conducted over a period of 12 months, we aim to investigate whether coaching physicians in ethical decision-making for a duration of 4 months increases the incidence of Do-Not-Intubate and Do-Not-Resuscitate codes in patients potentially receiving overly aggressive medical treatment, while also reducing the harmful consequences of excessive treatment on the patient, their family, healthcare providers, and society. This study has been included in the new quality policy of our hospital.


  • 1999: MSc Clinical Psychology (Ghent University)
  • 2002: PEV Psychotherapy (Ghent University)
  • 2010: PEV Psycho-oncology (Ghent University)
  • 2009 –  present: team coordinator, psychologist and psychotherapist at the Ghent University Hospital Cancer Centre
  • 2012: Winner research grant Cancer Centre Ghent university hospital (‘Coping with moral distress in oncology’)
  • 2016 – present: Board Member PEV Psycho-oncology Cedric Hèle Instituut
  • 2018 – present: Teaching assistant Skillslab Ghent University, Faculty of Medicine

Research team

Key publications

  • Dominique Benoit (UGent) , Stijn Vanheule, Frank Manesse, Frederik Anseel, Geert De Soete, Katrijn Goethals, An Lievrouw, Stijn Vansteelandt, Erik De Haan, Ruth Piers, et al. (2023). Coaching doctors to improve ethical decision-making in adult hospitalised patients potentially receiving excessive treatment: Study protocol for a stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial. PLOS ONE, 18(3).
  • Pape, E., Van Haver, D., Lievrouw, A., Van Nieuwenhove, Y., Van Ongeval, J., Van de Putte, D., Rogge, S., Van Hecke, A. (submitted). Interprofessional perspectives on care for patients with low anterior resection syndrome: a qualitative study. Colorectal Disease.
  • Ulrich, C., Lievrouw, A., Van den Bulcke, B., Benoit, D., Piers, R., Morley, G., Joseph, R., Morris, B., Rai, S., Soon Mei Ling, M., (2018). International Perspectives on Moral Distress.  Moral Distress in the Health Professions (Ed. Connie Ulrich and Christine Grady), Springer International Publishing AG.
  • Lievrouw, A., Vanheule, S., Deveugele, M. , De Vos, M. , Pattyn, P., Van Belle, S. , Benoit, D.D. (2016). Coping with Moral Distress in Oncology Practice: Nurse & Physician Strategies. Oncology Nursing Forum, 43 (4), 505-512.

Contact & links

  • Lab address: Campus UZ Gent, Kankercentrumentrance 97, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000 Gent
  • An Lievrouw is member of the research working group cancer center Ghent University Hospital
  • An Lievrouw is member of the Code-Study Research group (prof dr Dominique Benoit and prof dr Ruth Piers)
  • An Lievrouw is member of REPOS (Research and Expertise Group for Psychosocial Oncology and Survivorship)